Meet The Small Five Of Africa

Meet The Small Five Of Africa : When a traveler think about a safari, mostly he thinks about the big five mammals, that includes the rhinos, buffaloes, lions, leopards and elephants. Not only the big five mammals being the most attractive animal species also Africa presents you the small five mammals that should be sighted on an African safari, this article brings you the information about the small five mammals.

Elephant Shrew.

The black and rufous elephant shrew is found in both Kenya and Tanzania, while the grey-faced elephant shrew is found in the Udzungwa Mountains of south-central Tanzania. The golden-rumped elephant shrew is native to Kenya.
Definite resemblance to the Elephant nose and trunk.
Feeds on small insects such as ants and termites.
Elephant shrews come in up to 20 different species, with differences in size and colour.
The newborn shrews will remain in their nests for a few days before venturing out. *Elephant shrews are maybe the cutest of Africa’s ‘Small 5’. It weighs around 60 grammes, has a length of tail greater than head and body, and measures 260 mm.

Red-Billed Buffalo Weaver.

Tanzania and Kenya are home to the Red-billed and White-headed Buffalo-Weavers. They are usually found in arid savanna regions.
Natural Habitat: Dry Savannah.
Feeds on insects, seeds and fruit.
After 20 to 23 days, the females will abandon their nests. * They are bigamous, meaning they will take on multiple mates.

Leopard Tortoise.

Kenyan and Tanzanian savannas are home to leopard tortoises. Although it seems to thrive anywhere from coastal to mountainous landscapes, the leopard tortoise prefers semi-arid thorny to grassland habitats. It can withstand both intense heat and cold, as well as aridity and humidity.
Originating in Southern and Eastern Africa, the tortoise is the fourth largest species of reptile in the world.

Natural habitats include semi-arid grasslands, scrublands, and coastal plains.
Feeds on herbivore fruit, grass, and succulent plants.
Can survive between 80 to 100 years in the wild.
The base of the shell is called the “plastron”, and its shape differs between the sexes. A female has a flat plastron, while a male has a concave one.
Because it lacks a nuchal shield, only the leopard tortoise is able to raise its head. Never pick one up in the winter, as it will release its water and pee reserves as a warning. In order to stay hydrated during the dry winter months, tortoises store water.

Ant Lion.

An ant lion is a common animal in Africa, occurring in Kenya and Tanzania.
Their larvae, which excavate pits to trap ants or other prey, are renowned for their ferociously predatory habits.
The adult insect, which is more obscure and frequently called dragonflies, is actually an ant lion lacewing.
Feed on predominantly Ants: An average-sized Antlion larva digs a pit about 5 cm deep and 7.5 cm wide at the edge. Antlion larvae have the ability to seize and eliminate a wide range of insects, including small spiders.

Meet The Small Five Of Africa
Ant Lion

Rhinoceros Beetle.

Tanzania and Kenya are two of the other locations where the rhinoceros beetle can be found.
Harmless to humans as they do not bite or sting.

Males use their horns for fighting and for digging during mating season. The beetle’s physical condition will be determined by the size of its horns.
They are nocturnal animals, and although the female seldom survives long after mating, the adult male can live up to two or three years.
Eat fruit sap, nectar, and plant sap.

Strongest animal on the planet in terms of proportion, able to support 850 times its own weight (an elephant can support only 25% of its own weight) are snakes and birds.
Therefore, while on safari, make sure to keep an eye out for the fascinating Small Five in addition to terrestrial animals. This will give you unforgettable safari memory.

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